Thứ Sáu, Tháng Sáu 2, 2023
HomeNewsCOVID deaths drop sharply in 2022 but still top killer

COVID deaths drop sharply in 2022 but still top killer

Nation death rate from COVID-19 has fallen by almost 50% in 2022 from the previous year, this decline is attributed to widespread vaccination as well as increased natural immunity after the pandemic. First Omicron surge.

There are 244,986 deaths in the United States that list COVID-19 as an underlying or contributing cause, down 47 percent from 2021 when there were 462,193 reported deaths, according to a report. Analysis on provisional death certificate data released by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday. This figure does not include residents of US and foreign territories.

The first months of 2022 include the second deadly outbreak of COVID-19, when the first wave of Omicrons sent the extremely contagious variant seems to be everywhere in the US But during the most recent summer and winter, the number of deaths has dropped dramatically.

Besides vaccination and natural immunity boost, 2022 also brings widespread availability of anti-COVID drugs such as Paxlovidan oral drug that significantly reduces the risk of hospitalization and death when given to people with coronavirus.

However, with nearly a quarter of a million deaths by 2022, COVID-19 remains a leading cause of death – though less so. Last year, the number of deaths from COVID-19 was seven times higher than the number of annual deaths. flu deathaveraged about 35,000 per year in the decade before the start of the pandemic.

Nationwide, COVID-19 has risen to become the third leading cause of death in both 2020 And 2021. Last year, it dropped to fourth place, behind heart disease, cancer and unintentional injury (a category that remains high due to rising deaths). death from drug overdose).

COVID-19 DEADMAN — currently 1.13 million in the United States and 6.9 million worldwide — staggeringly, with the nationwide death toll exceeding the most recent global pandemic of this scale, even though the global tally is much lower. The Influenza pandemic started in 1918 resulted in an estimated 675,000 deaths in the US and at least 50 million worldwide.

According to the latest analysis released by the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics, the COVID-19 death rate is highest in the United States for people 85 years of age and older. By 2022, that group’s death rate is three times higher than that of those aged 75 to 84 and about eight times higher than that of the youngest elderly, aged 65 to 74.

Men have a 50% higher mortality rate than women.

Of all deaths with a mention of COVID-19 on the death certificate, 76% listed COVID-19 as the underlying cause. This is lower than in 2020 and 2021, when COVID-19 was the underlying cause of 90% of deaths where the disease was mentioned anywhere on the death certificate; The rest listed it as a contributing cause of death.

Among the deaths for which COVID-19 is listed as a contributing factor, the most frequent major causes of death are heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, trauma unintentional injury, diabetes, kidney disease and Parkinson’s disease.

By 2022, most COVID-19 deaths — 59 percent of them — occur in hospitals. The report says an increasing number is occurring in homes (15%) or nursing homes or long-term care facilities (14%).

The analysis also calculates mortality by 10 regions identified by the US Department of Health and Human Services.

For the second year in a row, the South had the worst COVID-19 death rate. The highest rates for both 2021 and 2022 occurred in the South Central region including Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas and New Mexico. In 2022, that area’s rate is 69.3 COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 residents.

In second place in both years is the Southeast, defined as Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina, Alabama, Kentucky and Mississippi. The rate there in 2022 is 65.5 COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 residents.

Close behind is the Midwest — Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin and Minnesota — with a rate of 65.1 COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 people; and the Mid-Atlantic, representing Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, Delaware and the District of Columbia, with 64.9 COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 people.

In fifth place are the central Great Plains states of Missouri, Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska, with 63.7 COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 residents, just above the national death rate of 61.3 deaths per 100,000.

Below the national COVID-19 death rate is New YorkNew Jersey region, with 57.4 deaths per 100,000 residents. Southwest includes california, Arizona, Nevada and Hawaii, had the fourth lowest rates: 53 COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 residents. The northern Rockies and northern Great Plains states of Colorado, Utah, Montana, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Wyoming have a rate of 52.2 COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 residents.

The region with the second-lowest COVID-19 death rates in 2022 is the Northwest — Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Alaska — with a rate of 50.9 deaths per 100,000 residents. New England has the lowest COVID-19 death rate in 2022, with 49.5 deaths per 100,000 residents.

The South hasn’t always had the highest COVID-19 death rate in the nation. In 2020, the New York-New Jersey area topped that statistic, while New England’s death rate was also slightly above the national average.

Only three regions had COVID-19 mortality rates lower than the national average in all three years of the pandemic: the Southwest; Northwest; and the northern Rockies/northern Great Plains. In contrast, one region had a higher death rate than the national rate in each of those years: the central South region, which includes Texas and surrounding states.

The disparity in COVID-19 deaths by race and ethnic group decreased in 2022 from the previous year, but remained for many people. Overall, disparities by race and ethnic group worsen during pandemic outbreaks and there are fewer outbreaks by 2022.

In 2022, Native Americans have a 42% higher death rate from COVID-19 than whites; for Blacks and Pacific Islanders, the rates were 19% and 11%, respectively. The COVID-19 death rate for Latinos is comparable to that of white residents, while Asian Americans and multiracial groups have lower rates than white residents.

The magnitude of death difference worse in 2021. Compared with white residents, the COVID-19 death rate for Native Americans and Pacific Islanders is 90% higher; The Latino mortality rate is 54% higher; and the death rate for blacks is 44% higher.

In 2020, compared with white residents, Native Americans die from COVID-19 at a 157% higher rate. For residents of Latino descent, the rate is higher than 122%; Black residents, 109% higher; and Pacific Islanders, 67% higher.

COVID-19 mortality rates decreased for all racial and ethnic groups from 2021 to 2022. However, from 2020 to 2021, rates increased significantly for residents of skin white, up 42%. They also increased by 59% for multiracial residents and 63% for Pacific Islanders. During the same time period, death rates for Latino, Black, and Native American populations have generally remained unsettlingly high.

The data published in the CDC analysis are considered provisional and incomplete. Final mortality data for 2022 is expected to be released later this year.

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